Conservation efforts


Sumatran elephant ex-situ breeding and health care program


Community for Sumatran Nature Conservation (CSNC)


Sumatra (Indonesia)


The Sumatran government decided in 1985 to capture wild elephants conflicting with human settlements and crops. The caught animals were managed in governmental elephant training centres, however many of them died due to capture wounds, dietetic and hygienic and animal welfare problems. Fortunately, the captures were abandoned in 2000. But there is still a number of about 600 elephants that live in these governmental managed camps. To improve housing, care and husbandry, as well as to integrate the captive elephants for conservation purposes, the Veterinary Society for Sumatran Wildlife Conservation (VESSWIC) initiated an elephant healthcare program. Due to the great improvements achieved through German veterinarian Christopher Stremme at VESSWIC, the elephants have started to reproduce. To encourage the good veterinary service, breeding efforts of these endangered animals and the proper care of pregnant females, the introduction of ultrasonography is an important next step. GEOlifes takes part in the education of local veterinarians to apply ultrasound for pregnancy determination, ovarian activity control and the monitoring of the birthing process. In March 2012, the first elephant medicine workshop was held at the veterinary faculty in Banda Aceh (see gallery).

Since 2015, Christopher Stremme works with the University of Banda Aceh and for the newly formed organization Community for Sumatran Nature Conservation (CSNC) to continue all efforts for the Sumatran elephants (

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